AIDS affects all socio-economic groups and all sectors, ranging from impoverished subsistence farmers, informal sector workers, domestic workers and unskilled factory workers to top managers, professionals, civil servants and Jackson, Teenage marriage and poverty: Switching from labour intensive crops to less demanding ones has been observed, animal husbandry and livestock production may decline, post — production, food storage and processing are in period, a breakdown in support services occurs as staff fall ill, and credit for agricultural production may be diverted for the medical care of sick relatives, funeral expenses and food.
Chapter 2 examines the effects of HIV testing on risky sexual behavior.
In the worst affected countries, average life expectancy has fallen by twenty years because of the epidemic. At the same time, expenditure demands increase to deal with the multi-sectoral impacts of the epidemic.
Furthermore Parker, Jacobsen and Komwa argues that in rural areas where farming is the primary source of income and food, decreases in household labor supply can lead directly to reductions in the nutritional status of all household members.
As a result, most of the refugees indulge into commercial sex work as a means of survival. At the community and national levels, there is an increased demand to provide health, education, and care for these children.
The actual demand for education, however, typically declines. Wagt and Connolly point out that, when a parent becomes ill, the education of a child is disrupted.
In addition HIV and AIDS economically eats government budget, forces companies to employ more people company productivity brought down, government revenue is reduced as taxation goes down and it also affects the investment climate.
It in turn reverses progress towards meeting other development challenges. For example, life expectancy at birth in Swaziland, which has the highest HIV prevalence in the world, is just This variation creates an instrumental variable for education.
Mother to child transmission MTCT the vast majority of these children will have become infected with HIV during pregnancy or through breastfeeding when they are babies, as a result of their mother being HIV-positive.
Adjusting previously estimated costs of universal testing and treatment in South Africa for diseconomies of small scale, i. The epidemic also has pervasive impact on society and economy.
Amongst those who are able to work, productivity is likely to decline as a result of HIV related illness. There is a decline in school attendance, decline in school performance because children stay home to care for sick parents, they have increased household responsibilities and need to care for young children.
Government income also declines, as tax revenues fall and governments are pressured to increase their spending to deal with the expanding HIV epidemic. Government income also declines, as tax revenues fall and governments are pressured to increase their spending to deal with the expanding HIV epidemic.
AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa: Possible Solutions and Causes Sub-Saharan Africa is made up of about ten percent of the world's population.
Intwo-thirds of the 40 million people living with HIV resided in this region (Hearing 2). Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains the region most affected by the HIV epidemic.
Almost three quarters (69%) of the million people infected worldwide reside in this region .Most countries in SSA report a generalized epidemic (infection rates of > 1%) with pockets of concentrated epidemics in key populations .South Africa remains the.
AIDS Epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa: Possible Solutions and Causes Sub-Saharan Africa is made up of about ten percent of the world's population. Intwo-thirds of the 40 million people living with HIV resided in this region (Hearing 2).
Sub-Saharan Africa is the region of the world that is most affected by HIV/AIDS. The United Nations reports that an estimated million people are living with HIV and that approximately million new infections occurred in Hiv and Aids in Sub-Saharan Africa Essay.
Using appropriate examples, discuss the implications of HIV and AIDS on development in Sub – Saharan Africa - Hiv and Aids in Sub-Saharan Africa Essay introduction.
HIV and AIDS is a critical issue for development in Sub – Saharan Africa because of the scale of HIV infection and the numbers of deaths that occur in the main productive and reproductive.
Currently, Africa hosts about 15 per cent of the world’s population, however, 70 percent of world’s victims are in Africa. In72 percent of the world’s death because of AIDS came solely from Africa. The sub-Saharan part of Africa has more AIDS victims than any other part in the world (Douglas 2).Aids in sub saharan africa essay